viernes, 17 de mayo de 2013

Michio Kaku: The Biotechnology Revolution

ORIGINAL: BBC
Sep 11, 2012

Professor Michio Kaku, famous Theoretical Physicist and one of the inventors of Light Cone String Field Theory (one of the Relativistic forms of M-Theory), hosts a documentary on the use of the body of scientific knowledge on Biochemistry and Molecular Biology that will lead to "The Biotech Revolution".

In this documentary, Michio Kaku explores the the emerging field of advanced Biotechnology and how by combining our knowledge of physics and engineering with the vast knowledge of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Physiology, Neurobiology and Zoology we can influence regenerative processes in the body, fight disease and even cure some of the most pervasive and destructive diseases facing us today.

By working together in a common goal, Biologists and Computer Scientists can successfully map entire genomes, as they have done in the initial Human Genome Project, and locate genes that code for specific amino acid chains, leading to peptides and proteins.

By using this knowledge, Chemists, Biologists and Physicists are all planning to generate active biotechnology that could, perhaps in our lifetime, act semi-autonomously and fight disease on the cellular level by delivering mechanically driven medication to an active site in the body of living organisms.

By engineering entire chemistry labs on microchips, scanning for disease could take on a form seen only in science fiction and requiring only a innovation in our existing knowledge to design such devices.

The power that we have achieved in organic and inorganic chemistry and in manufacturing nanoscale materials could mean that we may be fighting disease on a molecular level soon enough, eliminating the threat of growing strains of antibiotic resistant bacteria.

By studying the genome of bacteria at such levels we may be able to make tailor made antibiotics for individual people on the space of a few hours, taking over the rate at which bacteria naturally evolve resistance.

Using quantum mechanics it may also be possible to record the behaviour of bacteria themselves, using surface plasmonics to observe the formation of germ capsules or bacterial membranes, and being able to test medicine not carelessly on animals but on the germs themselves.

This could be the beginning of a Biomedical Renaissance.


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